Although not as popular as big companions like Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali, but the figure could not be released as the most enterprising figures apply egalitarian principles, equality in terms of spending wealth in Allah’s way. Opposed all those who tend to cultivate the property to private interests, including his friends own.
During Caliph Uthman, an opinion about the severity of symptoms and accumulation of wealth that nepotism occurs among the Quraish made he was criticized by many parties. Similar attitude he showed to the government of Muawiyah who became governor of Syria. For him, it is the duty of every true Muslim to channel the excess property to his brothers who are poor.
To Muawiyah who built the palace green or Palace of Al Khizra, ash Dhar admonished, “If you build this palace with state money, it means that you have misused state money. If you build it with your own money means you have accepted extravagant,” she said. Muawiyah was silent companions heard this warning.
Support to the spirit of social solidarity, concern among the haves to the poor, not only in words. The whole attitude of his life he showed the spirit of these growth efforts. Piety and ascetic life is always so behavior. Her attitude is what the Prophet Muhammad be praised. When the Apostle would die, Abu Dhar summoned. Hugging the Abu Dhar, the Prophet said: “Abu Dhar will remain the same throughout his life. He will not change even if I die later.” Greeting the prophet was right. Until the end of his life then, Abu Dhar remain in simplicity and very pious.
Abu Dhar was born with the name Jundab. Formerly, he was a robber who had inherited his parents’ careers as lead manager of the caravan robber through that path. Terror in the area around the trade routes were always done to get the property the easy way. His life was filled with crime and violence. Who else in the Arab lands that time know, Mecca-Syrian trade route controlled Ghiffar robber tribe, his tribe.
However, little heart of Abu Dhar did not actually receive it. Inner turmoil makes it very much regret the bad deeds. Finally he let go of all positions and wealth. His people were ordered to stop robbing. His actions caused a fury of his tribe. Abu Dhar eventually migrate to Nejed with his mother and his brother, Anis, and lived at the residence of his uncle.
In this place he was not long. His ideas are revolutionary in relation to attitudes can not ignore each other and distribute the majority of properties owned, hateful people tribes. He also complained to his uncle. Abu Dhar moved back to the village close to Mecca. This is where he got the news from Anis, about the presence of the Prophet Muhammad with the teachings of Islam.
Abu Dhar immediately see the Prophet Muhammad. Seeing his teachings are in line with his attitude over the years, he finally embraced Islam. Without hesitation, he proclaimed become Muslim in front of the Kaaba, when everyone was still secret for fear of consequences. Of course, this statement raises the anger citizens of Mecca. He was beaten and nearly killed when Abbas, the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad, not to intervene and remind the citizens of Mecca that Abu Dhar is Ghiffar citizens who will demand revenge if they kill him.
Since then, Abu Dhar spends her days to reach the glory of Islam. The first task is entrusted with the Apostle on his shoulders is to teach Islam among his tribe. Apparently, not only mother and brother, but almost all his people who like to rob her life was finally signed Islam.Sikap who vigorously opposed all forms of hoarding of wealth, he also goes to them. However, not everyone likes his actions. During Caliph Uthman, he has come under fire from the Quraish, including one of its characters, Muawiyah ibn Abu Sufyan.
One time was Mu’awiya who was then governor of Syria, set the debate between Abu Dhar with experts about the attitude of his life. The goal is that Abu Dhar allow people accumulate wealth. However, it did not shake the determination of business views. Because annoyance, Muawiyah the Caliph Uthman reported to the happenings of Abu Dhar. Caliph immediately called Abu Dhar. Fulfilling the call Caliph, Abu Dhar received rave reviews in Medina. However, he did not feel at home living in the city of the Prophet is because rich people in town did not like his call separately equalization of wealth. Finally Uthman Abu Dhar asked to leave Medina and lived in Rabza, a small village in Iraq’s road caravan Medina.
In this village of Abu Dhar died of old age on 8 Dhu al-Hijjah 32 AH. His body lay in the path of the caravan was only attended his widow. Almost no one to bury the Prophet Companions of this when there is no caravan of pilgrims to Mecca. Hajj caravan was immediately stopped and prayed for the dead with Imam Abdullah ibn Masud, a prominent Islamic scholar that time.